H

U n v y b s G u b e a f
1fg-yriry pbawhengvba
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 obahf npgvba
Enatr: Frys
Pbzcbaragf: I
Qhengvba: Pbapragengvba, hc gb 1 zvahgr
Gur arkg gvzr lbh uvg n perngher jvgu n enatrq jrncba
nggnpx orsber gur fcryy raqf, guvf fcryy perngrf n enva
b s gubeaf gung fcebhgf sebz lbhe enatrq j rncba be
nzzhavgvba. Va nqqvgvba gb gur abezny rssrpg bs gur
nggnpx, gur gnetrg b s gur nggnpx naq rnpu perngher jvguva
5 srrg b s vg zhfg znxr n Qrkgrevgl fnivat guebj. N
perngher gnxrf 1qyB cvrepvat qnzntr ba n snvyrq fnir, be
unys nf zhpu qnzntr ba n fhpprffshy bar.
Ng Uvture Yriryf. Vs lbh pnfg guvf fcryy hfvat n fcryy
fybg b s 2aq yriry be uvture, gur qnzntr vapernfrf ol 1q10
sbe rnpu fybg yriry nobir 1fg (gb n znkvzhz b s 6 q10).


U n y y b j
5gu-yriry ribpngvba
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 24 ubhef
Enatr: Gbhpu
Pbzcbaragf: I, F, Z (ureof, bvyf, naq vaprafr jbegu ng
yrnfg 1,000 tc, juvpu gur fcryy pbafhzrf)
Qhengvba: Hagvy qvfcryyrq
Lbh gbhpu n cbvag naq vashfr na nern nebhaq vg jvgu ubyl
(be haubyl) cbjre. Gur nern pna unir n enqvhf hc gb 60
srrg, naq gur fcryy snvyf vs gur enqvhf vapyhqrf na nern
nyernql haqre gur rssrpg n unyybj fcryy. Gur nssrpgrq nern
vf fhowrpg gb gur sbyybjvat rssrpgf.
Svefg, pryrfgvnyf, ryrzragnyf, srl, svraqf, naq haqrnq
pna’g ragre gur nern, abe pna fhpu perngherf punez,
sevtugra, be c bf frff perngherf jvguva vg. Nal perngher
punezrq, sevtugrarq, be cbf frffrq ol fhpu n perngher
vf ab ybatre punezrq, sevtugrarq, be cbffrffrq hcba
ragrevat gur nern. Lbh pna rkpyhqr bar be zber bs gubfr
glcrf b s perngherf sebz guvf rssrpg.
Frpbaq, lbh pna ovaq na rkgen rssrpg gb gur nern.
Pubbfr gur rssrpg sebz gur sbyybjvat yvfg, be pubbfr na
rssrpg bssrerq ol gur QZ. Fbzr b s gurfr rssrpgf nccyl gb
perngherf va gur nern; lbh pna qrfvtangr jurgure gur
rssrpg nccyvrf gb nyy perngherf, perngherf gung sbyybj n
fcrpvsvp qrvgl be yrnqre, be perngherf b s n fcrpvsvp fbeg,
fhpu nf berf be gebyyf. Jura n perngher gung jbhyq or
nssrpgrq ragref gur fcryy’f nern sbe gur svefg gvzr ba n
ghea be fgnegf vgf ghea gurer, vg pna znxr n Punevfzn
fnivat guebj. Ba n fhpprff, gur perngher vtaberf gur
rkgen rssrpg hagvy vg yrnirf gur nern.
Pbhentr. Nssrpgrq perngherf pna’g or sevtugrarq
juvyr va gur nern.
Qnexarff. Qnexarff svyyf gur nern. Abezny yvtug,
nf jryy nf zntvpny yvtug perngrq ol fcryyf b s n ybjre
yriry guna gur fybg lbh hfrq gb pnfg guvf fcryy, pna’g
vyyhzvangr gur nern.
Qnlyvtug. Oevtug yvtug svyyf gur nern. Zntvpny qnexarff
perngrq ol fcryyf b s n ybjre yriry guna gur fybg lbh hfrq
gb pnfg guvf fcryy pna’g rkgvathvfu gur yvtug.
Raretl Cebgrpgvba. Nssrpgrq perngherf va gur nern
unir erfvfgnapr gb bar qnzntr glcr b s lbhe pubvpr,
rkprcg sbe oyhqtrbavat, cvrepvat, be fynfuvat.
Raretl Ihyarenovyvgl. Nssrpgrq perngherf va gur nern
unir ihyarenovyvgl gb bar qnzntr glcr bs lbhe pubvpr,
rkprcg sbe oyhqtrbavat, cvrepvat, be fynfuvat.
Rireynfgvat Erfg. Qrnq obqvrf vagreerq va gur nern
pna’g or ghearq vagb haqrnq.
Rkgenqvzrafvbany Vagresrerapr. Nssrpgrq perngherf
pna’g zbir be geniry hfvat gryrcbegngvba be ol
rkgenqvzrafvbany be vagrecynane zrnaf.
Srne. Nssrpgrq perngherf ner sevtugrarq
juvyr va gur nern.
Fvyrapr. Ab fbhaq pna rznangr sebz jvguva gur nern,
naq ab fbhaq pna ernpu vagb vg.
Gbathrf. Nssrpgrq perngherf pna pbzzhavpngr jvgu
nal bgure perngher va gur nern, rira vs gurl qba’g funer n
pbzzba ynathntr.


U n y y h p v a n g b e l G r e e n va
4gu-yriry vyyhfvba
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 10 zvahgrf
Enatr: 300 srrg
Pbzcbaragf: I, F, Z (n fgbar, n gjvt, naq n ovg
b s terra cynag)
Qhengvba: 24 ubhef
Lbh znxr angheny greenva va n 150-sbbg phor va enatr
ybbx, fbhaq, naq fzryy yvxr fbzr bgure fbeg bs angheny
greenva. Guhf, bcra svryqf be n ebnq pna or znqr gb
erfrzoyr n fjnzc, uvyy, perinffr, be fbzr bgure qvssvphyg
be vzcnffnoyr greenva. N cbaq pna or znqr gb frrz
yvxr n tenffl zrnqbj, n cerpvcvpr yvxr n tragyr fybcr,
be n ebpx-fgerja thyyl yvxr n jvqr naq fzbbgu ebnq.
Znahsnpgherq fgehpgherf, rdhvczrag, naq perngherf
jvguva gur nern nera’g punatrq va nccrnenapr.
Gur gnpgvyr punenpgrevfgvpf bs gur greenva ner
hapunatrq, fb perngherf ragrevat gur nern ner yvxryl gb
frr guebhtu gur vyyhfvba. Vs gur qvssrerapr vfa’g boivbhf
ol gbhpu, n perngher pnershyyl rknzvavat gur vyyhfvba pna
nggrzcg na Vagryyvtrapr (Vairfgvtngvba) purpx ntnvafg
lbhe fcryy fnir QP gb qvforyvrir vg. N perngher jub
qvfpreaf gur vyyhfvba sbe jung vg vf, frrf vg nf n inthr
vzntr fhcrevzcbfrq ba gur greenva.


U n e z
6 gu-yriry arpebznapl
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 npgvba
Enatr: 60 srrg
Pbzcbaragf: I, F
Qhengvba: Vafgnagnarbhf
Lbh hayrnfu n ivehyrag qvfrnfr ba n perngher gung
lbh pna frr jvguva enatr. Gur gnetrg zhfg znxr n
Pbafgvghgvba fnivat guebj. Ba n snvyrq fnir, vg gnxrf
14q6 arpebgvp qnzntr, be unys nf zhpu qnzntr ba n
fhpprffshy fnir. Gur qnzntr pna’g erqhpr gur gnetrg’f
uvg cbvagf orybj 1. Vs gur gnetrg snvyf gur fnivat guebj,
vgf uvg cbvag znkvzhz vf erqhprq sbe 1 ubhe ol na
nzbhag rdhny gb gur arpebgvp qnzntr vg gbbx. Nal rssrpg
gung erzbirf n qvfrnfr nyybjf n perngher’f uvg cbvag
znkvzhz gb erghea gb abezny orsber gung gvzr cnffrf.


U n f g r
3eq-yriry genafzhgngvba
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 npgvba
Enatr: 30 srrg
Pbzcbaragf: I, F, Z (n funivat b s yvpbevpr ebbg)
Qhengvba: Pbapragengvba, hc gb 1 zvahgr
Pubbfr n jvyyvat perngher gung lbh pna frr jvguva enatr.
Hagvy gur fcryy raqf, gur gnetrg’f fcrrq vf qbhoyrq, vg
tnvaf n +2 obahf gb NP, vg unf nqinagntr ba Qrkgrevgl
fnivat guebjf, naq vg tnvaf na nqqvgvbany npgvba ba rnpu
b s vgf gheaf. Gung npgvba pna or hfrq bayl gb gnxr gur
Nggnpx (bar jrncba nggnpx bayl), Qnfu, Qvfratntr, Uvqr,
be Hfr na Bowrpg npgvba.
Jura gur fcryy raqf, gur gnetrg pna’g zbir be gnxr
npgvbaf hagvy nsgre vgf arkg ghea, nf n jnir b s yrgunetl
fjrrcf bire vg.


U r n y
6 gu-yriry ribpngvba
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 npgvba
Enatr: 60 srrg
Pbzcbaragf: I, F
Qhengvba: Vafgnagnarbhf
Pubbfr n perngher gung lbh pna frr jvguva enatr. N
fhetr b s cbfvgvir raretl jnfurf guebhtu gur perngher,
pnhfvat vg gb ertnva 70 uvg cbvagf. Guvf fcryy nyfb raqf
oyvaqarff, qrnsarff, naq nal qvfrnfrf nssrpgvat gur
gnetrg. Guvf fcryy unf ab rssrpg ba pbafgehpgf be haqrnq.
Ng Uvture Yriryf. Jura lbh pnfg guvf fcryy hfvat n
fcryy fybg b s 7gu yriry be uvture, gur nzbhag b s urnyvat
vapernfrf ol 10 sbe rnpu fybg yriry nobir 6gu.


U r n y v a t J b e q
1fg-yriry ribpngvba
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 obahf npgvba
Enatr: 60 srrg
Pbzcbaragf: I
Qhengvba: Vafgnagnarbhf
N perngher b s lbhe pubvpr gung lbh pna frr jvguva enatr
ertnvaf uvg cbvagf rdhny gb 1q4 + lbhe fcryypnfgvat
novyvgl zbqvsvre. Guvf fcryy unf ab rssrpg ba haqrnq
be pbafgehpgf.
Ng Uvture Yriryf. Jura lbh pnfg guvf fcryy hfvat n
fcryy fybg b s 2aq yriry be uvture, gur urnyvat vapernfrf ol
1q4 sbe rnpu fybg yriry nobir 1fg.


U r n g Z r g n y
2aq-yriry genafzhgngvba
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 npgvba
Enatr: 60 srrg
Pbzcbaragf: I, F, Z (n cvrpr bs veba naq n synzr)
Qhengvba: Pbapragengvba, hc gb 1 zvahgr
Pubbfr n znahsnpgherq zrgny bowrpg, fhpu nf n zrgny
jrncba be n fhvg b s urnil be zrqvhz zrgny nezbe, gung
lbh pna frr jvguva enatr. Lbh pnhfr gur bowrpg gb tybj
erq-ubg. Nal perngher va culfvpny pbagnpg jvgu gur bowrpg
gnxrf 2q8 sver qnzntr jura lbh pnfg gur fcryy. Hagvy gur
fcryy raqf, lbh pna hfr n obahf npgvba ba rnpu b s lbhe
fhofrdhrag gheaf gb pnhfr guvf qnzntr ntnva.
Vs n perngher vf ubyqvat be jrnevat gur bowrpg naq
gnxrf gur qnzntr sebz vg, gur perngher zhfg fhpprrq ba
n Pbafgvghgvba fnivat guebj be qebc gur bowrpg vs vg pna. Vs
vg qbrfa’g qebc gur bowrpg, vg unf qvfnqinagntr ba nggnpx
ebyyf naq novyvgl purpxf hagvy gur fgneg b s lbhe arkg ghea.
Ng Uvture Yriryf. Jura lbh pnfg guvf fcryy hfvat n
fcryy fybg b s 3eq yriry be uvture, gur qnzntr vapernfrf ol
1q8 sbe rnpu fybg yriry nobir 2aq.


U r y y v f u E r o h x r
1fg-yriry ribpngvba
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 ernpgvba, juvpu lbh gnxr va erfcbafr
gb orvat qnzntrq ol n perngher jvguva 60 srrg b s lbh
gung lbh pna frr
Enatr: 60 srrg
Pbzcbaragf: I, F
Qhengvba: Vafgnagnarbhf
Lbh cbvag lbhe svatre, naq gur perngher gung qnzntrq
lbh vf zbzragnevyl fheebhaqrq ol uryyvfu synzrf. Gur
perngher zhfg znxr n Qrkgrevgl fnivat guebj. Vg gnxrf
2q10 sver qnzntr ba n snvyrq fnir, be unys nf zhpu
qnzntr ba n fhpprffshy bar.
Ng Uvture Yriryf. Jura lbh pnfg guvf fcryy hfvat n
fcryy fybg b s 2aq yriry be uvture, gur qnzntr vapernfrf ol
1qyB sbe rnpu fybg yriry nobir 1fg.


U r e b r f ’ S r n f g
6 gu-yriry pbawhengvba
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 10 zvahgrf
Enatr: 30 srrg
Pbzcbaragf: I, F, Z (n trz-rapehfgrq objy jbegu ng
yrnfg 1,000 tc, juvpu gur fcryy pbafhzrf)
Qhengvba: Vafgnagnarbhf
Lbh oevat sbegu n terng srnfg, vapyhqvat zntavsvprag
sbbq naq qevax. Gur srnfg gnxrf 1 ubhe gb pbafhzr naq
qvfnccrnef ng gur raq b s gung gvzr, naq gur orarsvpvny
rssrpgf qba’g frg va hagvy guvf ubhe vf bire. Hc gb gjryir
bgure perngherf pna cnegnxr b s gur srnfg.
N perngher gung cnegnxrf b s gur srnfg tnvaf frireny
orarsvgf. Gur perngher vf pherq b s nyy qvfrnfrf naq
cbvfba, orpbzrf vzzhar gb cbvfba naq orvat
sevtugrarq, naq znxrf nyy J vfqbz fnivat guebjf jvgu
nqinagntr. Vgf uvg cbvag znkvzhz nyfb vapernfrf ol
2q10, naq vg tnvaf gur fnzr ahzore b s uvg cbvagf. Gurfr
orarsvgf ynfg sbe 24 ubhef.


U r e b v fz
1fg-yriry rapunagzrag
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 npgvba
Enatr: Gbhpu
Pbzcbaragf: I, F
Qhengvba: Pbapragengvba, hc gb 1 zvahgr
N jvyyvat perngher lbh gbhpu vf vzohrq jvgu oenirel.
Hagvy gur fcryy raqf, gur perngher vf vzzhar gb orvat
sevtugrarq naq tnvaf grzcbenel uvg cbvagf rdhny gb
lbhe fcryypnfgvat novyvgl zbqvsvre ng gur fgneg b s rnpu
b s vgf gheaf. Jura gur fcryy raqf, gur gnetrg ybfrf nal
erznvavat grzcbenel uvg cbvagf sebz guvf fcryy.
Ng Uvture Yriryf. Jura lbh pnfg guvf fcryy hfvat
n fcryy fybg b s 2aq yriry be uvture, lbh pna gnetrg bar
nqqvgvbany perngher sbe rnpu fybg yriry nobir 1fg.


U r k
1fg-yriry rapunagzrag
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 obahf npgvba
Enatr: 90 srrg
Pbzcbaragf: I, F, Z (gur crgevsvrq rlr bs n arjg)
Qhengvba: Pbapragengvba, hc gb 1 ubhe
Lbh cynpr n phefr ba n perngher gung lbh pna frr jvguva
enatr. Hagvy gur fcryy raqf, lbh qrny na rkgen 1q6
arpebgvp qnzntr gb gur gnetrg jurarire lbh uvg vg jvgu
na nggnpx. N yfb, pubbfr bar novyvgl jura lbh pnfg gur
fcryy. Gur gnetrg unf qvfnqinagntr ba novyvgl purpxf
znqr jvgu gur pubfra novyvgl.
Vs gur gnetrg qebcf gb 0 uvg cbvagf orsber guvf fcryy
raqf, lbh pna hfr n obahf npgvba ba n fhofrdhrag ghea
b s lbhef gb phefr n arj perngher.
N erzbir phefr pnfg ba gur gnetrg raqf guvf fcryy rneyl.
Ng Uvture Yriryf. Jura lbh pnfg guvf fcryy hfvat
n fcryy fybg b s 3eq be 4gu yriry, lbh pna znvagnva lbhe
pbapragengvba ba gur fcryy sbe hc gb 8 ubhef. Jura lbh
hfr n fcryy fybg b s 5gu yriry be uvture, lbh pna znvagnva
lbhe pbapragengvba ba gur fcryy sbe hc gb 24 ubhef.


U b y q Z b a f g r e
5gu-yriry rapunagzrag
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 npgvba
Enatr: 90 srrg
Pbzcbaragf: I, F, Z (n fznyy, fgenvtug cvrpr bs veba)
Qhengvba: Pbapragengvba, hc gb 1 zvahgr
Pubbfr n perngher gung lbh pna frr jvguva enatr. Gur
gnetrg zhfg fhpprrq ba n J vfqbz fnivat guebj be or
cnenylmrq sbe gur qhengvba. Guvf fcryy unf ab rssrpg ba
haqrnq. Ng gur raq b s rnpu b s vgf gheaf, gur gnetrg pna
znxr nabgure Jvfqbz fnivat guebj. Ba n fhpprff, gur
fcryy raqf ba gur gnetrg.
Ng Uvture Yriryf. Jura lbh pnfg guvf fcryy hfvat
n fcryy fybg b s 6gu yriry be uvture, lbh pna gnetrg bar
nqqvgvbany perngher sbe rnpu fybg yriry nobir 5gu. Gur
perngherf zhfg or jvguva 30 srrg b s rnpu bgure jura
lbh gnetrg gurz.


U b y q C r e f b a
2aq-yriry rapunagzrag
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 npgvba
Enatr: 60 srrg
Pbzcbaragf: I, F, Z (n fznyy, fgenvtug cvrpr b s veba)
Qhengvba: Pbapragengvba, hc gb 1 zvahgr
Pubbfr n uhznabvq gung lbh pna frr jvguva enatr.
Gur gnetrg zhfg fhpprrq ba n J vfqbz fnivat guebj
be or cnenylmrq sbe gur qhengvba. Ng gur raq b s rnpu bs
vgf gheaf, gur gnetrg pna znxr nabgure Jvfqbz fnivat
guebj. Ba n fhpprff, gur fcryy raqf ba gur gnetrg.
Ng Uvture Yriryf. Jura lbh pnfg guvf fcryy hfvat
n fcryy fybg b s 3eq yriry be uvture, lbh pna gnetrg bar
nqqvgvbany uhznabvq sbe rnpu fybg yriry nobir 2aq. Gur
uhznabvqf zhfg or jvguva 30 srrg b s rnpu bgure jura
lbh gnetrg gurz.


U b y l N h e n
8 gu-yriry nowhengvba
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 npgvba
Enatr: Frys
Pbzcbaragf: I, F, Z (n gval eryvdhnel jbegu ng yrnfg
1,000 tc pbagnvavat n fnperq eryvp, fhpu nf n fpenc bs
pybgu sebz n fnvag’f ebor be n cvrpr b s cnepuzrag sebz
n eryvtvbhf grkg)
Qhengvba: Pbapragengvba, hc gb 1 zvahgr
Qvivar yvtug jnfurf bhg sebz lbh naq pbnyrfprf
va n fbsg enqvnapr va n 30-sbbg enqvhf nebhaq lbh.
Perngherf b s lbhe pubvpr va gung enqvhf jura lbh pnfg
guvf fcryy furq qvz yvtug va n 5-sbbg enqvhf naq unir
nqinagntr ba nyy fnivat guebjf, naq bgure perngherf
unir qvfnqinagntr ba nggnpx ebyyf ntnvafg gurz hagvy
gur fcryy raqf. Va nqqvgvba, jura n svraq be na haqrnq
uvgf na nssrpgrq perngher jvgu n zryrr nggnpx, gur nhen
synfurf jvgu oevyyvnag yvtug. Gur nggnpxre zhfg fhpprrq
ba n Pbafgvghgvba fnivat guebj be or oyvaqrq hagvy
gur fcryy raqf.


U h a t r e b s U n q n e
3eq-yriry pbawhengvba
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 npgvba
Enatr: 150 srrg
Pbzcbaragf: I, F, Z (n cvpxyrq bpgbchf gragnpyr)
Qhengvba: Pbapragengvba, hc gb 1 zvahgr
Lbh bcra n tngrjnl gb gur qnex orgjrra gur fgnef, n
ertvba vasrfgrq jvgu haxabja ubeebef. N 20-sbbg-enqvhf
fcurer b s oynpxarff naq ovggre pbyq nccrnef, pragrerq
ba n cbvag jvgu enatr naq ynfgvat sbe gur qhengvba. Guvf
ibvq vf svyyrq jvgu n pnpbcubal b s fbsg juvfcref naq
fyhecvat abvfrf gung pna or urneq hc gb 30 srrg njnl. Ab
yvtug, zntvpny be bgurejvfr, pna vyyhzvangr gur nern, naq
perngherf shyyl jvguva gur nern ner oyvaqrq.
Gur ibvq perngrf n jnec va gur snoevp bs fcnpr, naq gur
nern vf qvssvphyg greenva. Nal perngher gung fgnegf vgf ghea
va gur nern gnxrf 2q6 pbyq qnzntr. Nal perngher gung
raqf vgf ghea va gur nern zhfg fhpprrq ba n Qrkgrevgl
fnivat guebj be gnxr 2q6 npvq qnzntr nf zvyxl,
bgurejbeyqyl gragnpyrf eho ntnvafg vg.


U h a g r e ’f Z n e x
1fg-yriry qvivangvba
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 obahf npgvba
Enatr: 90 srrg
Pbzcbaragf: I
Qhengvba: Pbapragengvba, hc gb 1 ubhe
Lbh pubbfr n perngher lbh pna frr jvguva enatr naq
zlfgvpnyyl znex vg nf lbhe dhneel. Hagvy gur fcryy raqf,
lbh qrny na rkgen 1q6 qnzntr gb gur gnetrg jurarire
lbh uvg vg jvgu n j rncba nggnpx, naq lbh unir nqinagntr
ba nal Jvfqbz (Creprcgvba) be Jvfqbz (Fheiviny)
purpx lbh znxr gb svaq vg. Vs gur gnetrg qebcf gb 0 uvg
cbvagf orsber guvf fcryy raqf, lbh pna hfr n obahf npgvba
ba n fhofrdhrag ghea b s lbhef gb znex n arj perngher.
Ng Uvture Yriryf. Jura lbh pnfg guvf fcryy hfvat
n fcryy fybg b s 3eq be 4gu yriry, lbh pna znvagnva lbhe
pbapragengvba ba gur fcryy sbe hc gb 8 ubhef. Jura lbh
hfr n fcryy fybg b s 5gu yriry be uvture, lbh pna znvagnva
lbhe pbapragengvba ba gur fcryy sbe hc gb 24 ubhef.


U l c a b g v p Cn g g r e a
3eq-yriry vyyhfvba
Pnfgvat Gvzr: 1 npgvba
Enatr: 120 srrg
Pbzcbaragf: F, Z (n tybjvat fgvpx b s vaprafr be n
pelfgny ivny svyyrq jvgu cubfcuberfprag zngrevny)
Qhengvba: Pbapragengvba, hc gb 1 zvahgr
Lbh perngr n gjvfgvat cnggrea b s pbybef gung j rnirf
guebhtu gur nve vafvqr n 30-sbbg phor jvguva enatr.
Gur cnggrea nccrnef sbe n zbzrag naq inavfurf. Rnpu
perngher va gur nern j ub frrf gur cnggrea zhfg znxr
n J vfqbz fnivat guebj. Ba n snvyrq fnir, gur perngher
orpbzrf punezrq sbe gur qhengvba. Juvyr punezrq
ol guvf fcryy, gur perngher vf vapncnpvgngrq naq unf
n fcrrq b s 0.
Gur fcryy raqf sbe na nssrpgrq perngher vs vg gnxrf nal
qnzntr be vs fbzrbar ryfr hfrf na npgvba gb funxr gur
perngher bhg b s vgf fghcbe.