Military Doctrine

Kalawa has yet to engage in a full-scale war. In the last 200 years, they have never declared a formal war and only engaged in small scale combat against pirates and smugglers. There were several larger battles before that most notably against the Eramii empire at the Battle of the Blue Eye Bay. This marked the turning point in Kalawan military tradition. The Eramii had far superior ships and military organization and had all but crushed the Kalawa defenders before they were finally defeated.

Naval Tactics


The Kalawan Navy currently makes up the bulk of the military, recently however the advent of airships has led to an increase in military resources being moved into airships. Kalawa prefers to avoid drawn-out land campaigns because of its focus on naval and marine powers. The navy focuses on swift ships preferring fast hit and run style engagements to soften up enemy fleets before engaging in heavy ship to ship combat. When facing off against larger ships Lateen cutters use their superior speed and maneuverability to avoid heavy fire while delivering swift volleys of missile fire before pulling out of range. When the Kalawan ships outnumber their enemies they prefer to employ boarding tactics where the superior Kalawan marines can engage and capture enemy ships.

Marine naval combat


Marine sharpshooters target officers and gunners from the rigging and nests built within the masts of Lateen Cutters. Marines are equipped with crossbows and takedown bows in a variety of configurations. For hand to hand engagement, Kalawan marines prefer razor sharp boarding axes, pikes for repelling the first wave of borders, and long curved knives roughly the length of a shortsword. When boarded the marines can retreat to the fore and aft decks leaving the main deck clear for borders and setting up a crossfire.

Marine land combat


Marines act in two forms when engaging in land combat, first, they act as enginers quickly building beachfront fortifications to allow for full-scale landings of additional troops. Digging trenches and building small embankments upon with sharpened spikes can be set to create quick and easy beachheads. Due to the lack of cavalry employed by Kalawa fortifications are designed to eliminate the effectiveness of enemy cavalry. Trenches and stakes are set up with narrow channels cut from the sea inland allowing for trenches to be flooded and turned to thick mud and swampy terrain. Secondly, they act as small artillery support. Groups of three marines land with a sort of modular ballista broken into three parts. The parts can be quickly reassembled with a series of iron pegs. These can be quickly set up to launch clay pots full of oil and pitch which can be lit by archers. This combination of rapid fortification and light artillery assault allows for rapid capture of beachheads and can lead to a quick capture of coastal areas. This is a preferred tactic for capturing the seaside cities or fortifications of an enemy. Kalawa prefers not to engage in long term land campaigns and will often settle a conflict soon after capturing a coastline. That being said, there has yet to be any long term engagement in this century, much less a formal declaration of war. These tactics have been refined over three centuries to combat naval powers and defend the coastlines of the islands. There are some reasons however that the last century has seen a build-up of arms and armaments facilitated by the Kalawan Golden Age and expansionist ideas which have started growing within the nobility.